The need of waste management
The understanding of waste management in Indonesia needs to be improved. However, geographically it gives another challenge. Unused stuffs, post-consumer packaging and food waste are often just ended in the landfill, street, and even floating in the flowing river. In 2012, The Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia recorded that in average Indonesian people produce about 2kg of waste a day. It is equal around 500 thousand tons of solid waste a day that produced by the entire citizen of Indonesia.
Solid waste brings negative perception towards human senses that at the end pollutes the earth without enabling good waste management. Furthermore, it could bring even further problems for health and sanitation to global warming because of organic waste decomposition in anaerobic process produces methane gas.
Initiated in Jambangan, Surabaya
Solving the waste management issue needs collaboration in the whole element of society. Unilever Indonesia Foundation (UIF) has been actively educating community to segregate their waste since 2001. Our programme initiated in Jambangan, Surabaya with the clean river programme, Brantas Bersih. This programme aims to improve the water quality of Brantas river by improving awareness of community to manage their waste sustainably.
UIF forms the environment cadres in community by empowering local people through several of trainings ranging from waste segregation and management, seeds cultivation to greening the environment. Organic waste processed for soil and plants fertilizers, whilst solid waste recycled to be various crafts. This programme has been consistently run and rewarded Jambangan as free-waste area in 2006. In the same year, Surabaya got Adipura Kencana prize, a prestigious award for the cleanest city in the country awarded from The Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia.
Spreading Inspiration with Community
The success story of Jambangan gives valuable lesson to us how important the community play a role in managing their own waste. Unilever Indonesia Foundation spreading the expansion of this community base environment programme to other cities in Indonesia. Under the name of ‘Green and Clean’, we collaborate this programme closely together with government, NGOs and community in big cities in Indonesia to start waste management from their house.
We make serious effort to optimize this community based programme for waste management by actively involving community for recycling activity which will reduce the number of solid waste ended to landfill. We have developed several programmes regarding waste collection, such as community waste bank, eco collector, eco residential, and eco retailer. Through these programmes, we can create economic, social and environment benefits for community. The success of this programme can be seen from the total unit of waste bank, number of people involved and also the total of waste that is collected and sold.
We see the potency of Waste Bank development, so this concept has been learning and developing since 2008. We are sharpening the model of establishment and development system. As the result, we publish the guidance book of Waste Bank System completed by the inspirational success stories from ten waste banks that have been empowered by us since the first time it was launched for public.
Guidance Book of Waste Bank System & 10 Success Stories
Through this book we share the knowledge and experience in developing waste bank facilities, from simple daily waste management to how the steps forming the community waste bank. We hope this book could inspire more people to enhance the awareness and take role for managing the waste starting from their own community.
We also provide video graphic to give a comprehensive picture to the establishment and development of community waste bank.
Waste Bank System
In 2015, we kept continuing the expansion of this programme to 17 cities, covering 12 provinces in Indonesia; Medan, Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Magelang, Surabaya, Lamongan, Sidoarjo, Bali, Balikpapan, Banjarmasin, Makassar, Maros, Manado, dan Raja Ampat. Through this programme we have helped to empower 1,258 waste bank units, with the total of 55,558 members, and absorbing 3,739 tonnes of inorganic waste, with the turnover reach up to 3,8 billion rupiahs.
This community waste bank initiative programme has earned numerous awards both in national and international levels;
2013 The International Business Awards, Stevie Awards Gold Winner, Corporate Social Responsibility Program of the Year (Asia, Australia and New Zealand), ” Social Economic and Environment Innovation of Waste Bank.”
2013 Asia Responsible Entrepreneurship Awards,” South East Asia Green Leadership Awards on Waste Bank Program”
2013 Intel AIM-Asian Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility,” Reducing Environment Impact of GHG, Water and Waste (Program Community Waste Bank System).”
2014 Indonesia MDG awards,” Independent & Integrated Waste Bank Management to Create a Healthy Environment and economic empowerment for community.”